What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

In women, the elevation of androgens (male sex hormones) can lead to a variety of conditions collectively referred to as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may, but not always, affect a woman’s fertility, hormones, menstrual cycle, metabolism, heart, blood vessels, and appearance. The severity and prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) symptoms also vary between women. Between 1 in 10-20 women of child-bearing age experience polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

What Causes Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

The causes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are unknown. We know that conditions such as insulin resistance, obesity, diabetes, and other metabolic diseases can be associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but research is still ongoing to find out exactly if these conditions are just risk factors or actual causal factors. The characteristics of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) tend to by appear in a cyclic fashion and include low-grade inflammation, obesity, excess insulin, insulin resistance, excess androgens (male sex hormones) and ovarian dysfunction.

What Are the Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) include ovarian cysts, infertility, small breast size, hirsutism (excess hair growth), irregular or absent menstrual periods, pelvic pain, insulin resistance, weight gain or obesity (especially around the waist), acne, anxiety, and/or depression. Insulin resistance is often associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS; 50-95% of women with PCOS are insulin-resistant and 15% have type 2 diabetes).

What Is the Treatment for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

Though polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can be difficult both emotionally and physically, there are effective ways of managing the symptoms of PCOS. Through dietary modification and lifestyle changes recommended by our nutritionists, individuals are able to achieve a high quality of life despite the circumstances.